What is Bokashi Composting

Bokashi Composting

One of the things I love seeing is healthy plants. Compost has provided me with a method to feed my plants. While I value traditional composting, I find it slow. As I was researching I found a method that shortens the time it takes to provide my plants with healthy nutrients. And it all starts at the dinner table (well not really). 

Ever find yourself grappling with guilt as you toss that hefty pile of food scraps after whipping up a delicious dinner? What if there was a way to perform a magical metamorphosis, turning those scraps into a treasure trove of nutrient-rich fertilizer for your garden? Well, hold onto your gardening gloves, because there’s a lesser-known composting technique called Bokashi that works precisely that magic!

But wait a minute, isn’t that just regular composting? Not quite, my friend. While both processes spin your kitchen waste into garden gold, Bokashi takes a detour. Instead of relying on oxygen-loving microbes like traditional composting, Bokashi unleashes a secret weapon: fermentation.

Imagine pickling your scraps in a special brine, creating an anaerobic environment where friendly bacteria, known as Effective Microorganisms (EM), engage in a controlled, odor-free dance to break down your food scraps. The result? A nutrient-rich, fermented material ready to supercharge your garden in just 10 days!


How Bokashi Composting Works

Curious about the inner workings of this magical process? Let’s peel back the layers and explore the key components of Bokashi:

To master the art of Bokashi composting is to understand the symphony of key components that transform kitchen scraps into a gardener’s black gold. Each element plays a crucial role in this alchemical process, turning what might be waste into a nutrient-rich elixir for your garden. Let’s peel back the layers and explore the magic within:

1. Bokashi Inoculant: The Magic Dust

At the heart of Bokashi lies the secret weapon – the Bokashi inoculant, a magical dust teeming with Effective Microorganisms (EM). These friendly bacteria are the diligent workers in the fermentation dance. Mixed with bran and molasses, the inoculant creates a delectable feast for your kitchen scraps. Picture it as the conductor orchestrating the symphony within your Bokashi bucket.

2. The Bokashi Bucket: Fermentation Chamber

Think of the Bokashi bucket as the stage where the magic unfolds – it’s your fermentation chamber extraordinaire. Typically, an airtight container with a bottom tap for draining, this bucket creates the perfect environment for anaerobic fermentation. It’s the crucible where your kitchen scraps undergo a transformation into nutrient-rich “pre-compost.”

3. Kitchen Scraps: A Feast for the Microbes

The starring actors in this composting drama are your kitchen scraps – almost anything organic is invited to the feast! Fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds, eggshells, and even meat and dairy, which are usually off-limits in traditional composting, find a place in the Bokashi banquet. The diversity of these scraps adds complexity to the fermentation symphony.

4. Fermentation Frenzy: How It All Comes Together

When you layer your Bokashi bucket with kitchen scraps and generously sprinkle on the inoculant, the magic unfolds. The EM, now activated, embark on a fermentation frenzy. They start breaking down the sugars in the bran and molasses, producing lactic acid and other beneficial compounds. This acidic environment not only preserves valuable nutrients but also keeps foul odors and pests at bay.

5. Bokashi Tea: Liquid Gold for Your Plants

As the fermentation progresses, the excess liquid – known as Bokashi tea – accumulates at the bottom of the bucket. This golden elixir is a nutrient-rich liquid fertilizer, a valuable byproduct of the Bokashi process. Draining off the Bokashi tea ensures you harness every drop of goodness for your plants.

How Bokashi Works its Wonders

Now, let’s delve into the science-y part (but fear not, I’ll keep it simple!). When you layer your Bokashi bucket with food scraps and sprinkle on the inoculant, the EM go wild. They start fermenting the sugars in the bran and molasses, producing lactic acid and other beneficial compounds.

This acidic environment not only keeps foul odors and pesky fruit flies at bay but also breaks down your scraps while preserving valuable nutrients. It’s like hosting a microscopic party right there in your bucket!

Why Bokashi is a Gardener’s Dream Come True

So, why consider bidding farewell to your traditional compost bin and embracing the Bokashi way? Here are a few compelling reasons:

1. Lightning-Fast Results: Forget the waiting game; Bokashi delivers nutrient-rich “pre-compost” in just 10 days! You can bury it directly in your garden or mix it with soil for a potent fertilizer punch.

2. Nutrient Powerhouse: Bokashi preserves essential nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus more effectively than traditional composting, ensuring your plants are happy, healthy, and thriving.

3. Soil Savior: Bokashi doesn’t just nourish your plants; it enhances your soil’s texture and structure. The fermented material attracts beneficial earthworms and microbes, creating a fluffy, crumbly paradise for your roots.

4. Eco-Warrior’s Ally: Bokashi keeps organic waste out of landfills, reducing methane emissions and contributing to a more sustainable planet. It’s like being a recycling ninja, closing the nutrient loop efficiently.

Bokashi vs. Traditional Composting: A Friendly Showdown

Let’s face it – traditional composting is a classic. But Bokashi stands tall, especially when space or patience are in short supply:


  • Pros: Faster, odor-free, handles meat and dairy, works indoors, nutrient-dense
  • Cons: Requires special inoculant, needs draining, pre-compost needs further processing

Traditional Composting

  • Pros: Free, readily available materials, simple setup, large batches
  • Cons: Slower process, can be smelly, attracts pests, limited to certain materials, needs outdoor space

In the end, the “best” method hinges on your needs and preferences. But hey, why not embark on a Bokashi adventure? You might just be astonished by the enchantment it brings to your kitchen scraps and garden!

How to Get Started with Bokashi Composting

Joining the ranks of eco-conscious composters has never been more accessible. Whether you’re a DIY enthusiast or prefer a hassle-free solution, here’s a roadmap to kickstart your Bokashi adventure:

1. DIY Enthusiast:

Upcycle a Bucket:

  • Find a suitable airtight container; it could be an old bucket or bin.
  • Drill a series of small drainage holes in the bottom to facilitate the escape of excess liquid.
  • Ensure a tight-fitting lid to create the anaerobic environment crucial for Bokashi fermentation.

Craft Your Inoculant:

  • Dive into the world of DIY by creating your own magic dust. Combine effective microorganisms (EM) with bran and molasses.
  • Numerous online resources offer step-by-step guidance, ensuring you strike the right balance for a thriving Bokashi system.
  • Experimentation is encouraged, allowing you to tailor the inoculant to suit your kitchen waste mix.

Online Resources:

  • Explore a wealth of online tutorials, forums, and community groups dedicated to Bokashi composting.
  • Connect with seasoned Bokashi enthusiasts who share their insights, tips, and troubleshooting advice.
  • Embrace the DIY spirit by customizing your Bokashi setup based on your specific needs and available resources.

2. Effortless Entry with a Kit:

Purchase a Complete Kit:

  • Opt for convenience with pre-packaged Bokashi composting kits available online or at local garden stores.
  • These kits typically include a Bokashi bucket, a supply of inoculant, and sometimes even convenient Bokashi tea bags.
  • Ideal for beginners or those seeking a straightforward solution without the fuss of assembling components.

Quick Start Guide:

  • Kits often come with user-friendly instructions, making the initiation process a breeze.
  • Perfect for individuals looking to dive into Bokashi composting without the learning curve associated with a DIY approach.

Sourcing Kits:

  • Explore reputable online retailers or visit nearby garden centers to discover a range of Bokashi kits.
  • Read reviews and product descriptions to choose a kit that aligns with your preferences and composting goals.

3. Sustain Your Bokashi System:

Regular Replenishment:

  • Keep your Bokashi system in top-notch condition by replenishing it with fresh inoculant regularly.
  • Purchase ready-made inoculant and bran/molasses mixtures from online suppliers or natural food stores.
  • Consistent replenishment ensures a continuous supply of beneficial microorganisms, essential for the fermentation process.

Online Accessibility:

  • Leverage the convenience of online platforms to order Bokashi supplies whenever needed.
  • Explore a variety of options, from specialized Bokashi suppliers to eco-friendly retailers offering sustainable composting products.

Connect with the Bokashi Community:

  • Stay connected with the vibrant Bokashi community to stay informed about the latest developments, innovations, and best practices.
  • Share your experiences and learn from others who are on a similar composting journey.

4. Steps to Starting Your Bokashi Compost

Embark on this exciting adventure with a few simple steps:

1. Gather Your Supplies: Whether DIY or opting for a kit, ensure you have your Bokashi bucket, fresh inoculant, and some bran/molasses mix.

2. Layer Your Scraps: Alternating layers of kitchen scraps and the magic inoculant, create a flavorful lasagna in your Bokashi bucket.

3. Compact with Care: Gently press down on each layer to eliminate air pockets, creating a cozy home for the EM.

4. Drain the Gold: Keep an eye on the tap; when Bokashi tea accumulates, drain it for a nutrient-packed liquid fertilizer.

5. Troubleshoot Like a Pro: Address common quirks with additional inoculant, moisture adjustments, or extra attention.

6. Embrace the Magic: Watch as your Bokashi bucket orchestrates a composting symphony, turning kitchen scraps into black gold.

The Bokashi revolution is not just a composting method; it’s a sustainable lifestyle choice. Whether you opt for the hands-on DIY route or the simplicity of a ready-made kit, the Bokashi journey promises a transformative experience for both your kitchen waste and your connection to the environment.

Mastering Bokashi

1. Layering Expertise: When loading up your Bokashi bucket, think of it as crafting a delicious lasagna. Alternate layers of kitchen scraps with a generous sprinkling of the magic inoculant. This ensures an even distribution of those industrious EM throughout.

2. Compact, Don’t Crush: Gentle compaction is the name of the game. Press down on each layer to eliminate air pockets without squashing the vitality out of your precious scraps. It’s all about creating a cozy environment for the EM to work their fermentation magic.

3. Draining Decisiveness: Keep an eye on that tap at the bottom of your Bokashi bucket. When the liquid gold, aka Bokashi tea, starts to accumulate, give it a decisive drain. Dilute it with water, and voilà – you’ve got a nutrient-rich liquid fertilizer ready to nourish your plants.

Troubleshooting Bokashi

Even the most seasoned gardeners encounter hiccups. Fear not; here’s a quick guide to troubleshoot common Bokashi quirks:

1. Foul Odors: If your Bokashi bucket starts emitting unpleasant odors, fear not. Sprinkle a bit more of the magic inoculant to reignite the fermentation process and neutralize any unwanted smells.

2. Slow Fermentation: Patience is a virtue, but if fermentation seems sluggish, consider adjusting the moisture levels. Your Bokashi mix should be damp, not drenched. A quick tweak might be all it takes to get those EM back in the groove.

3. Mold Matters: A smattering of white mold is par for the course, but if you spot anything unusual, like black or green mold, it’s time to pause the symphony. A sprinkle of magic inoculant and a bit of extra attention can often get things back on track.


The Bokashi way. The lightning-fast results, nutrient powerhouse, soil-enhancing properties, and eco-friendly aspects make Bokashi a gardener’s dream come true.

The friendly showdown between Bokashi and traditional composting reveals the strengths and considerations of each method, leaving the choice in your hands. So, why not embark on a Bokashi adventure?

You might just be astonished by the enchantment it brings to your kitchen scraps and garden!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *